فنی مهندسی

نوع فایل: pdf
حجم: 18.4 مگابایت
قیمت: 2000 تومان

Seawater Intrusion in Coastal Aquifers — Concepts, Methods and Practices

By


ترجمه عنوان:

نفوذ آب شور در سفره ساحلی - مفاهیم، ​​روشها و شیوه های

موضوع کتاب:

Technique

سال:
ناشر: Springer Netherlands
ویرایش: 1
جلد:
صفحه: 627
زبان: انگلیسی
شابک/ISBN: 978-90-481-5172-1, 978-94-017-2969-7

Coastal aquifers serve as major sources for freshwater supply in many countries around the world, especially in arid and semi-arid zones. Many coastal areas are also heavily urbanized, a fact that makes the need for freshwater even more acute. Coastal aquifers are highly sensitive to disturbances. Inappropriate management of a coastal aquifer may lead to its destruction as a source for freshwater much earlier than other aquifers which are not connected to the sea. The reason is the threat of seawater intrusion. In many coastal aquifers, intrusion of seawater has become one of the major constraints imposed on groundwater utilization. As sea­ water intrusion progresses, existing pumping wells, especially those close to the coast, become saline and have to be abandoned. Also, the area above the intruding seawater wedge is lost as a source of natural replenishment to the aquifer. Despite the importance of this subject, so far there does not exist a book that integrates our present knowledge of seawater intrusion, its occurrences, physical mechanism, chemistry, exploration by geo­ physical and geochemical techniques, conceptual and mathematical modeling, analytical and numerical solution methods, engineering measures of combating seawater intrusion, management strategies, and experience learned from case studies. By presenting this fairly comprehensive volume on the state-of-the-art of knowledge and ex­ perience on saltwater intrusion, we hoped to transfer this body of knowledge to the geologists, hydrologists, hydraulic engineers, water resources planners, managers, and governmental policy makers, who are engaged in the sustainable development of coastal fresh ground­ water resources.
Front Matter....Pages i-xv
Introduction....Pages 1-8
Geophysical Investigations....Pages 9-50
Geochemical Investigations....Pages 51-71
Exploitation, Restoration and Management....Pages 73-125
Conceptual and Mathematical Modeling....Pages 127-161
Analytical Solutions....Pages 163-191
Steady Interface in Stratified Aquifers of Random Permeability Distribution....Pages 193-211
USGS SHARP Model....Pages 213-247
USGS SUTRA Code — History, Practical Use, and Application in Hawaii....Pages 249-313
Three-Dimensional Model of Coupled Density-Dependent Flow and Miscible Salt Transport....Pages 315-362
Modified Eulerian Lagrangian Method for Density Dependent Miscible Transport....Pages 363-398
Survey of Computer Codes and Case Histories....Pages 399-461
Seawater Intrusion in the United States....Pages 463-506
Impact of Sea Level Rise in the Netherlands....Pages 507-530
Movement of Brackish Groundwater Near a Deep-Well Infiltration System in the Netherlands....Pages 531-541
A Semi-Empirical Approach to Intrusion Monitoring in Israeli Coastal Aquifer....Pages 543-558
Nile Delta Aquifer in Egypt....Pages 559-590
Back Matter....Pages 591-627